Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer that men experience. This cancer most commonly affects men over the age of 50. Prostate cancer is a slow-growing cancer. It is so slow growing that many men die of old age without ever being diagnosed with the diseased. September is Prostate Cancer Awareness Month, so we’re helping spread awareness for this important topic. Nurses play an important part in treating and managing a patient who has prostate cancer. Keep reading to learn more about nursing interventions for prostate cancer.
How to Tell if You Have Prostate Cancer
First, get your prostate checked out by a medical professional, get properly diagnosed, and then start a treatment plan.
Symptoms for prostate cancer may include:
- Difficulty urinating
- The need to urinate more frequently
- Pain when urinating
- Blood in urine (this is extremely rare)
What to Do if You Have Prostate Cancer
Nurses work closely with patients and regularly spend more time with the patients than the treating physician does. They are in the best position to form a relationship of trust with the patient and it is their job to take over the daily care of patients to whom they are assigned. Their understanding of the patient and the patient’s condition helps the patient to deal with their prostate cancer in a more positive way.
There are three distinct nursing interventions for prostate cancer the first intervention is for patients with impaired urination. This nursing intervention for prostate cancer includes:
- Patients are encouraged to urinate every 2 to 4 hours and when they feel a sudden need.
- Patients are encouraged to drink 3000ml of fluid per day.
- Nursing staff notes the strength and flow of the urine.
- They monitor the patient’s vital signs.
- Monitor medication that the patient is taking.
Post Surgical Care
Prostate surgery is indicated in cases of prostate cancer, which is where the second nursing intervention for patients with prostate cancer comes in. Nursing intervention for prostate cancer post surgery includes the following steps.
- The nurse will maintain a sterile catheter system to prevent infection including the applying of antibiotic ointment around the catheter.
- The nurse will get the patient up and moving with the necessary drainage bag.
- The nurse will observe the draining and healing of the wound around the drainage bag.
- The nurse will keep the area clean and dry and changing dressings as needed.
- The nurse will give patients antibiotics according to the doctors orders.
- The nurse will monitor the patient’s pain and discomfort after surgery, as well as the patient’s vital signs.
Imbalanced Nutritional Intervention
In some cases, patients with prostate cancer sometimes suffer from nausea and weight loss due to their condition. In order to help the patient regain strength and maintain better health, nutritional nursing intervention for prostate cancer may include:
- A general assessment of the patient’s nutritional needs and their current nutritional status.
- Encouraging the patient to eat small amounts of food often in order to get their nutritional needs met.
- Working with a nutritionist to help assist the patient in eating better.
- Collaborating with the patient’s physician to deliver the proper the antiemetic drugs to the patient.
While most nurses are dedicated to their profession and their patients, nurses who undertake the duty of caring for cancer patients tend to not only be compassionate towards their patients but also to the patient’s family, encouraging them throughout the time that a patient is under their care. Nursing interventions for prostate cancer are just as important as a doctor’s role in that person’s health. Together, the health care team will assist a patient who has prostate cancer in treating and managing this disease.